[Vol. 22 No. 1] “PROBLEMS OF THE FAR EAST”: IMPERIAL GEOPOLITICS REFLECTED IN THE KOREAN TRAVELOGUES OF BRITISH OFFICIALS, 1889–1900

Title
Title “Problems of the Far East”: Imperial Geopolitics Reflected in the Korean Travelogues of British Officials, 1889–1900
Author
Author

Loughlin J. Sweeney

Volume

Vol. 22 No. 1

Pages

pp. 89~110 (all 22 pages) 

Publication Date

2019.06.15

Keyword

Korea, travelogues, imperial history, political history, British Empire

Abstract

At the end of the nineteenth century, western incursions into Korea had
gradually opened the peninsula to the outside world, and by the 1890s foreigners
were not only permitted to reside in the country, but becoming commonplace in
treaty ports and in the capital. At the same time, Britain, Russia, and increasingly,
Japan, were engaged in a contest for geopolitical supremacy in the northern
Pacific; Great Power contestation over access to trade in north China centred on
the Korean peninsula as a major point of tension for the international balance
of power. In this period a number of British official visitors came to Korea,
and three prepared reports on the characteristics of the Korean people, society,
economy, and geography. They were all politicians or colonial functionaries:
Charles W. Campbell, a naturalist and consular official stationed in Seoul, George
Nathaniel Curzon, a Conservative member of Parliament, who would later
become Viceroy of India, and Joseph Walton, a Liberal member of Parliament
from Yorkshire with a consuming interest in East Asian affairs. These men’s
narratives provided a great deal of the information on Korea available to the
British official mind as it formulated its East Asian policy. This article assesses
the underlying motivations behind these visits, and examines the effect of
British regional geopolitics on these men’s attitudes to encounter in Korea.

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475 [Vol. 22 No. 1] EDITOR'S NOTE ACTA KOREANA 2019.06.15 493
474 [Vol. 22 No. 1] THE RETURN OF THE REAL IN SOUTH KOREAN FICTION CHRISTOPHER P. HANSCOM 2019.06.15 556
473 [Vol. 22 No. 1] POST-PASTORAL PERSPECTIVES OF KOREAN ENVIRONMENT IN CONTEMPORARY ART AND LITERATURE KIMBERLY CHUNG 2019.06.15 460
472 [Vol. 22 No. 1] ASPIRATIONS FOR THE PURE LAND EMBODIED IN A MODERN KOREAN TEMPLE, ANYANG’AM LEE SEUNGHYE 2019.06.15 486
471 [Vol. 22 No. 1] A NEW WAY OF SEEING: COMMERCIAL PAINTINGS AND PRINTS FROM CHINA AND EUROPEAN PAINTING TECHNIQUES IN LATE CHOSŎN COURT PAINTING SEO YOONJUNG 2019.06.15 491
470 [Vol. 22 No. 1] “PROBLEMS OF THE FAR EAST”: IMPERIAL GEOPOLITICS REFLECTED IN THE KOREAN TRAVELOGUES OF BRITISH OFFICIALS, 1889–1900 LOUGHLIN J. SWEENEY 2019.06.15 485
469 [Vol. 22 No. 1] THE PERSONAL FILE OF JIN RICHENG (KIM IL-SUNG): NEW INFORMATION ON THE EARLY YEARS OF THE FIRST RULER OF NORTH KOREA KONSTANTIN TERTITSKI AND FYODOR TERTITSKIY 2019.06.15 503
468 [Vol. 22 No. 1] TRANSLATION: WHERE EXACTLY TRANSLATED BY BONNIE TILLAND 2019.06.15 442
467 [Vol. 22 No. 1] TRANSLATION: BOILED CAT TRANSLATED BY DANIEL JACINTO 2019.06.15 476
466 [Vol. 22 No. 1] TRANSLATION: THE JOURNAL OF CHANG INMYŎNG TRANSLATED BY BRUCE AND JU-CHAN FULTON 2019.06.15 409
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