[Vol. 21 No. 1] EVALUATION OF KŪSHNĀMA AS A HISTORICAL SOURCE IN REGARD TO DESCRIPTIONS OF BASĪLĀ

Title
Title EVALUATION OF KŪSHNĀMA AS A HISTORICAL SOURCE IN REGARD TO DESCRIPTIONS OF BASĪLĀ
Author
Author

Lee Hee Soo

Volume

Vol. 21 No. 1

Pages

pp. 15~36 (all 22 pages) 

Publication Date

2018.06.15

Keyword

Kūshnāma, Basīlā, Silla, Abtin, Ancient Korea-Iran Relations, Sassanid

Abstract

This article examines the descriptions of Basīlā in the Kūshnāma ( كوش نامھ ) and determines the credibility of those descriptions as historical evidence. Kūshnāma is a Persian epic and part of a mythical history of Iran written by Hakim Irānshān b. Abī al-Khayr between 1108 and 1111 CE. Many scholars argue that Basīlā in Kūshnāma can be identified with the Silla Kingdom (57 BCE–935 CE) of ancient Korea for many reasons. First, the descriptions of Basīlā in Kūshnāma largely correspond to those of Sīlā/al-Sīlā in contemporary Islamic texts. Second, in some Muslim historical and geographical works such as Masālek wa Mamālek by Sāed bin Ali Jorjāni (1476 CE), and Ājāyib al-Makhlughāt by Muhammad bin Ahmad Tusi (1161–1178 CE), we find that Basīlā is used, together with Sīlā/al-Sīlā, to describe the same area of the Korean peninsula. With the advent of Islam, references to Korea found in twenty-three Islamic sources written between the ninth and sixteenth centuries by eighteen Muslim scholars, including Ibn Khurdādbih (d. 886 CE), Sulaiman al-Tajir (written around 850 CE), and al-Mas’udi (d.957 CE), suggest that Muslims’ influence had already reached the Korean peninsula by that time.

Before the discovery of Kūshnāma, however, no documents or epics had been found that describe ancient relations between Iran and Silla in such a detailed manner. In this sense, an in-depth study of Kūshnāma focusing on its descriptions of “Basīlā” will contribute to expanding our understanding of pre-modern relations between the Middle East and Korea. Because both historical events and mythological beliefs of ancient Persia are incorporated in Kūshnāma, this article will consider to what extent we can accept descriptions within Kūshnāma to be reliable historical evidence.

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446 [Vol. 21 No. 1] TABLE OF CONTENTS ACTA KOREANA 2018.06.15 839
445 [Vol. 21 No. 1] EDITOR'S NOTE MICHAEL C. E. FINCH 2018.06.15 345
444 [Vol. 21 No. 1] THE SILK ROAD AND KOREA-MIDDLE EAST CULTURAL CONNECTIONS: GUEST EDITOR’S INTRODUCTION LEE HEE SOO 2018.06.15 441
443 [Vol. 21 No. 1] EVALUATION OF KŪSHNĀMA AS A HISTORICAL SOURCE IN REGARD TO DESCRIPTIONS OF BASĪLĀ LEE HEE SOO 2018.06.15 340
442 [Vol. 21 No. 1] POSSIBLE CONNECTIONS BETWEEN HISTORICAL EVENTS AND THE PLOTS OF IRANIAN PRINCES EXILED IN CHĪN AND B.SĪLĀ DEPICTED IN KŪSHNĀMA LIU YINGJUN 2018.06.15 319
441 [Vol. 21 No. 1] GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF SILLĀ IN MUSLIM ASTRONOMICAL LITERATURE OF THE THIRTEENTH TO SIXTEENTH CENTURIES CE MOHAMMAD BAGHER VOSOOGHI 2018.06.15 281
440 [Vol. 21 No. 1] KOREA AND THE MING TRIBUTE SYSTEM IN KHATAYI’S BOOK OF CHINA KAVEH HEMMAT 2018.06.15 316
439 [Vol. 21 No. 1] KEYHOLE-SHAPED TOMBS IN THE YŎNGSAN RIVER BASIN: A REFLECTION OF PAEKCHE-YAMATO RELATIONS IN THE LATE FIFTH– EARLY SIXTH CENTURY DENNIS LEE 2018.06.15 314
438 [Vol. 21 No. 1] BESIEGED ON A FROZEN MOUNTAIN TOP: OPPOSING RECORDS FROM THE QING INVASION OF CHOSŎN, 1636–1637 THOMAS QUARTERMAIN 2018.06.15 338
437 [Vol. 21 No. 1] MING LOYALIST FAMILIES AND THE CHANGING MEANINGS OF CHOJONG’AM IN EARLY NINETEENTH-CENTURY CHOSŎN HAN SEUNGHYUN 2018.06.15 364
436 [Vol. 21 No. 1] MODIFYING THE HAGUE CONVENTION?US MILITARY OCCUPATION OF KOREA AND JAPANESE RELIGIOUS PROPERTY IN KOREA,1945–1948 AN JONG-CHOL 2018.06.15 312
435 [Vol. 21 No. 1] AN INVESTIGATION INTO A NINETEENTH-CENTURY PRIMER FROM CHOSŎN SONG YUNWOO 2018.06.15 309
434 [Vol. 21 No. 1] CLAIMING COLONIAL MASCULINITY: SEX AND ROMANCE WITH JAPANESE WOMEN IN CH’AE MANSIK’S COLONIAL FICTION KIM SU YUN 2018.06.15 367
433 [Vol. 21 No. 1] SHIFTS IN CHARACTERIZATION IN LITERARY TRANSLATION: REPRESENTATION OF THE “I”-PROTAGONIST OF YI SANG’S WINGS LEE SANG BIN 2018.06.15 1524
432 [Vol. 21 No. 1] KIM SŬNG-OK’S LITERARY RESPONSE TO PAK CHŎNG-HŬI’S RE-MAKING OF KOREAN SOCIETY STEVEN CAPENER 2018.06.15 344
431 [Vol. 21 No. 1] LITERATURE IN TRANSLATION: THE STORY OF CHANGHWA AND HONGNYŎN Translated by FRANKLIN RAUSCH with GILLIEAN LEE and SUJIN LEE 2018.06.15 375
430 [Vol. 21 No. 1] BOOK REVIEWS ACTA KOREANA 2018.06.15 313