[Vol. 21 No. 1] GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF SILLĀ IN MUSLIM ASTRONOMICAL LITERATURE OF THE THIRTEENTH TO SIXTEENTH CENTURIES CE

Title
Title GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF SILLĀ IN MUSLIM ASTRONOMICAL LITERATURE OF THE THIRTEENTH TO SIXTEENTH CENTURIES CE
Author
Author

Mohammad Bagher Vosooghi

Volume

Vol. 21 No. 1

Pages

pp. 65~79 (all 15 pages) 

Publication Date

2018.06.15

Keyword

Korea, Persian Islamic, Islamic, Manuscript, Sillā, Astronomy

Abstract

The Muslim world has been learning about Korea for a long time. Historical evidence shows that some of this knowledge predates the Islamic era; indeed, Iranian merchants have nurtured ties since the era of the Sillā dynasty (57 BCE–935 CE). For centuries after the house’s fall, the name stuck: References to Korea as Sillā, Shillā, and Basillā appear in Iranian historical and literary texts until the sixteenth century. By the thirteenth century, however, as Sino-Iranian connections grew, Muslims began to adopt a new name, Kao-li or Korea. Still, astronomers and geographers continued to use the name Sillā, as evidenced in astronomical texts written in the eleventh, thirteenth, and sixteenth centuries. In the fourteenth century, an interesting change in the evolution of the word Sillā occurred: Islamic ephemerides, diaries that chronicle astronomical positions, began to record the name Sillā in the same location along an eastern prime meridian as the toponym Kangdez. The origins of Kangdez—for example, whether it developed from an Iranian or Indian tradition—is unclear. Nonetheless, this widely used dual naming of a single geographical location persisted in Islamic astronomical texts into the sixteenth century. This article traces the transfer of geographical knowledge about Sillā and Kangdez into and throughout the Muslim world through the works of five generations of well-known Muslim astronomers, with a focus on their lesser-known works. It seeks to specify the manner in which astronomical knowledge about the location of Sillā and Kangdez circulated among Muslims from the thirteenth to sixteenth centuries.

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462 [Vol. 21 No. 2] TABLE OF CONTENTS ACTA KOREANA 2018.12.15 1201
461 [Vol. 21 No. 2] EDITOR'S NOTE ACTA KOREANA 2018.12.15 847
460 [Vol. 21 No. 2] GUEST EDITOR’S NOTE: THE INSIDERS AND OUTSIDERS OF KOREAN CULTURE OLGA FEDORENKO 2018.12.15 968
459 [Vol. 21 No. 2] WORSHIPING THE GODDESSES OF P’ALBONG MOUNTAIN: REGIONAL VARIATION, AUTHENTICITY, AND TRADITION CLARK W. SORENSEN 2018.12.15 827
458 [Vol. 21 No. 2] AT THE GATES OF BABEL: THE GLOBALIZATION OF KOREAN LITERATURE AS WORLD LITERATURE JENNY WANG MEDINA 2018.12.15 855
457 [Vol. 21 No. 2] EVERYWHERE AND NOWHERE: AN ETHNOMUSICOLOGIST LIVING AND WORKING IN KOREA HILARY VANESSA FINCHUM-SUNG 2018.12.15 816
456 [Vol. 21 No. 2] NO FRAME TO FIT IT ALL: AN AUTOETHNOGRAPHY ON TEACHING UNDERGRADUATE KOREAN STUDIES, ON AND OFF THE PENINSULA CEDARBOUGH T. SAEJI 2018.12.15 832
455 [Vol. 21 No. 2] TREE MOTIFS IN SEVENTH-CENTURY SILLA STELES KIM SUNKYUNG 2018.12.15 821
454 [Vol. 21 No. 2] BETWEEN MORALITY AND CRIME: FILIAL DAUGHTERS AND VENGEFUL VIOLENCE IN EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY KOREA KIM JUNGWON 2018.12.15 905
453 [Vol. 21 No.2] NEW TRENDS IN COMMENTARY ON THE CONFUCIAN CLASSICS: CHARACTERISTICS, DIFFERENCES, AND SIGNIFICANCE OF RHETORICALLY ORIENTED EXEGESES OF THE MENGZI YOU MINJUNG 2018.12.15 864
452 [Vol. 21 No.2] RESEMBLING THE OPPONENT: NATIONALIST AND COLONIALIST HISTORIOGRAPHIES IN MODERN KOREA SHIN SEUNGYOP 2018.12.15 803
451 [Vol. 21 No. 2] THE GENEALOGY OF KOREAN MODERNISM IN POETRY: FOCUS ON TRANSLATIONS OF W. B. YEATS KIM HANSUNG AND CHOI JUNGA 2018.12.15 812
450 [Vol. 21 No. 2] TRANSLATION: YU SORANG CHŎN TRANSLATED BY CHO SOOKJA 2018.12.15 790
449 [Vol. 21 No. 2] TRANSLATION: SELECTED POEMS BY YI TAL TRANSLATED BY CHRISTINA HAN AND WING S. CHU 2018.12.15 789
448 [Vol. 21 No. 2] BOOK REVIEWS: THE FORESIGHT OF DARK KNOWING: CHŎNG KAM NOK AND INSURRECTIONARY PROGNOSTICATION IN PRE-MODERN KOREA BY JOHN JORGENSEN DON BAKER 2018.12.15 769
447 [Vol. 21 No. 2] BOOK REVIEWS: ELUSIVE BELONGING: MARRIAGE IMMIGRATIONS AND "MULTICULTURLISM" IN RURAL SOUTH KOREA BY MINJUNG KIM TOBIAS HÜBINETTE 2018.12.15 804