[Vol. 21 No. 1] KOREA AND THE MING TRIBUTE SYSTEM IN KHATAYI’S BOOK OF CHINA

Title
Title KOREA AND THE MING TRIBUTE SYSTEM IN KHATAYI’S BOOK OF CHINA
Author
Author

Kaveh Hemmat

Volume

Vol. 21 No. 1

Pages

pp. 81~111 (all 31 pages) 

Publication Date

2018.06.15

Keyword

Silk Road, tribute system, Ottoman Empire, Ming, Chosŏn

Abstract

The Book of China (Khataynameh), a description of China written in 1516, in Persian, for the Ottoman court by a Central Asian merchant, includes a brief section on Korea in the chapter on the twelve provinces of China, which describes habitual interaction between Muslim and Korean merchants. The brevity of this notice and the mis-categorization of Korea as a province of the Ming state might appear to indicate that the author was largely uninformed about Korea and its political relationship to China. However, the didactic and political nature of the text, which presented a utopian image of China as a model to be emulated by a nascent Ottoman Empire, as well as the author’s more general familiarity with East Asian cultural and political circumstances, suggest that his subsuming of the Chosŏn state into the Ming empire was more an ideologically-motivated choice than a manifestation of negligence or ignorance. The image of economic and military power conveyed through the Ming tribute system formed the basis of a political ideal of universal empire; conveying this ideal was the principal goal of the text. The author’s fealty to an idealized formulation of imperial authority echoes the Chosŏn elite’s own strategy for balancing political independence with material support and cooperation from the Ming, by adhering closely to a Sinocentric Neo-Confucian ideology. The Book of China thus attests to, and constitutes part of, a global process of political communication that connected the Ottoman Empire with Central Asia, China, and Korea.

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475 [Vol. 22 No. 1] EDITOR'S NOTE ACTA KOREANA 2019.06.15 211
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473 [Vol. 22 No. 1] POST-PASTORAL PERSPECTIVES OF KOREAN ENVIRONMENT IN CONTEMPORARY ART AND LITERATURE KIMBERLY CHUNG 2019.06.15 197
472 [Vol. 22 No. 1] ASPIRATIONS FOR THE PURE LAND EMBODIED IN A MODERN KOREAN TEMPLE, ANYANG’AM LEE SEUNGHYE 2019.06.15 217
471 [Vol. 22 No. 1] A NEW WAY OF SEEING: COMMERCIAL PAINTINGS AND PRINTS FROM CHINA AND EUROPEAN PAINTING TECHNIQUES IN LATE CHOSŎN COURT PAINTING SEO YOONJUNG 2019.06.15 209
470 [Vol. 22 No. 1] “PROBLEMS OF THE FAR EAST”: IMPERIAL GEOPOLITICS REFLECTED IN THE KOREAN TRAVELOGUES OF BRITISH OFFICIALS, 1889–1900 LOUGHLIN J. SWEENEY 2019.06.15 197
469 [Vol. 22 No. 1] THE PERSONAL FILE OF JIN RICHENG (KIM IL-SUNG): NEW INFORMATION ON THE EARLY YEARS OF THE FIRST RULER OF NORTH KOREA KONSTANTIN TERTITSKI AND FYODOR TERTITSKIY 2019.06.15 228
468 [Vol. 22 No. 1] TRANSLATION: WHERE EXACTLY TRANSLATED BY BONNIE TILLAND 2019.06.15 199
467 [Vol. 22 No. 1] TRANSLATION: BOILED CAT TRANSLATED BY DANIEL JACINTO 2019.06.15 232
466 [Vol. 22 No. 1] TRANSLATION: THE JOURNAL OF CHANG INMYŎNG TRANSLATED BY BRUCE AND JU-CHAN FULTON 2019.06.15 177
465 [Vol. 22 No. 1] BOOK REVIEWS: FROM DOMESTIC WOMEN TO SENSITIVE YOUNG MEN: TRANSLATING THE INDIVIDUAL IN EARLY COLONIAL KOREA LEE JI-EUN 2019.06.15 193
464 [Vol. 22 No. 1] BOOK REVIEWS: HOMING: AN AFFECTIVE TOPOGRAPHY OF ETHNIC KOREAN RETURN MIGRATION SHARON J. YOON 2019.06.15 165
463 [Vol. 22 No. 1] BOOK REVIEWS: PREMODERN KOREAN LITERARY PROSE: AN ANTHOLOGY BARBARA WALL 2019.06.15 174