[Vol. 21 No. 1] KOREA AND THE MING TRIBUTE SYSTEM IN KHATAYI’S BOOK OF CHINA

Title
Title KOREA AND THE MING TRIBUTE SYSTEM IN KHATAYI’S BOOK OF CHINA
Author
Author

Kaveh Hemmat

Volume

Vol. 21 No. 1

Pages

pp. 81~111 (all 31 pages) 

Publication Date

2018.06.15

Keyword

Silk Road, tribute system, Ottoman Empire, Ming, Chosŏn

Abstract

The Book of China (Khataynameh), a description of China written in 1516, in Persian, for the Ottoman court by a Central Asian merchant, includes a brief section on Korea in the chapter on the twelve provinces of China, which describes habitual interaction between Muslim and Korean merchants. The brevity of this notice and the mis-categorization of Korea as a province of the Ming state might appear to indicate that the author was largely uninformed about Korea and its political relationship to China. However, the didactic and political nature of the text, which presented a utopian image of China as a model to be emulated by a nascent Ottoman Empire, as well as the author’s more general familiarity with East Asian cultural and political circumstances, suggest that his subsuming of the Chosŏn state into the Ming empire was more an ideologically-motivated choice than a manifestation of negligence or ignorance. The image of economic and military power conveyed through the Ming tribute system formed the basis of a political ideal of universal empire; conveying this ideal was the principal goal of the text. The author’s fealty to an idealized formulation of imperial authority echoes the Chosŏn elite’s own strategy for balancing political independence with material support and cooperation from the Ming, by adhering closely to a Sinocentric Neo-Confucian ideology. The Book of China thus attests to, and constitutes part of, a global process of political communication that connected the Ottoman Empire with Central Asia, China, and Korea.

Full-text


 

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446 [Vol. 21 No. 1] TABLE OF CONTENTS ACTA KOREANA 2018.06.15 839
445 [Vol. 21 No. 1] EDITOR'S NOTE MICHAEL C. E. FINCH 2018.06.15 346
444 [Vol. 21 No. 1] THE SILK ROAD AND KOREA-MIDDLE EAST CULTURAL CONNECTIONS: GUEST EDITOR’S INTRODUCTION LEE HEE SOO 2018.06.15 441
443 [Vol. 21 No. 1] EVALUATION OF KŪSHNĀMA AS A HISTORICAL SOURCE IN REGARD TO DESCRIPTIONS OF BASĪLĀ LEE HEE SOO 2018.06.15 341
442 [Vol. 21 No. 1] POSSIBLE CONNECTIONS BETWEEN HISTORICAL EVENTS AND THE PLOTS OF IRANIAN PRINCES EXILED IN CHĪN AND B.SĪLĀ DEPICTED IN KŪSHNĀMA LIU YINGJUN 2018.06.15 320
441 [Vol. 21 No. 1] GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF SILLĀ IN MUSLIM ASTRONOMICAL LITERATURE OF THE THIRTEENTH TO SIXTEENTH CENTURIES CE MOHAMMAD BAGHER VOSOOGHI 2018.06.15 282
440 [Vol. 21 No. 1] KOREA AND THE MING TRIBUTE SYSTEM IN KHATAYI’S BOOK OF CHINA KAVEH HEMMAT 2018.06.15 317
439 [Vol. 21 No. 1] KEYHOLE-SHAPED TOMBS IN THE YŎNGSAN RIVER BASIN: A REFLECTION OF PAEKCHE-YAMATO RELATIONS IN THE LATE FIFTH– EARLY SIXTH CENTURY DENNIS LEE 2018.06.15 314
438 [Vol. 21 No. 1] BESIEGED ON A FROZEN MOUNTAIN TOP: OPPOSING RECORDS FROM THE QING INVASION OF CHOSŎN, 1636–1637 THOMAS QUARTERMAIN 2018.06.15 338
437 [Vol. 21 No. 1] MING LOYALIST FAMILIES AND THE CHANGING MEANINGS OF CHOJONG’AM IN EARLY NINETEENTH-CENTURY CHOSŎN HAN SEUNGHYUN 2018.06.15 365
436 [Vol. 21 No. 1] MODIFYING THE HAGUE CONVENTION?US MILITARY OCCUPATION OF KOREA AND JAPANESE RELIGIOUS PROPERTY IN KOREA,1945–1948 AN JONG-CHOL 2018.06.15 312
435 [Vol. 21 No. 1] AN INVESTIGATION INTO A NINETEENTH-CENTURY PRIMER FROM CHOSŎN SONG YUNWOO 2018.06.15 310
434 [Vol. 21 No. 1] CLAIMING COLONIAL MASCULINITY: SEX AND ROMANCE WITH JAPANESE WOMEN IN CH’AE MANSIK’S COLONIAL FICTION KIM SU YUN 2018.06.15 367
433 [Vol. 21 No. 1] SHIFTS IN CHARACTERIZATION IN LITERARY TRANSLATION: REPRESENTATION OF THE “I”-PROTAGONIST OF YI SANG’S WINGS LEE SANG BIN 2018.06.15 1526
432 [Vol. 21 No. 1] KIM SŬNG-OK’S LITERARY RESPONSE TO PAK CHŎNG-HŬI’S RE-MAKING OF KOREAN SOCIETY STEVEN CAPENER 2018.06.15 345
431 [Vol. 21 No. 1] LITERATURE IN TRANSLATION: THE STORY OF CHANGHWA AND HONGNYŎN Translated by FRANKLIN RAUSCH with GILLIEAN LEE and SUJIN LEE 2018.06.15 377
430 [Vol. 21 No. 1] BOOK REVIEWS ACTA KOREANA 2018.06.15 314