[Vol. 21 No. 1] KIM SŬNG-OK’S LITERARY RESPONSE TO PAK CHŎNG-HŬI’S RE-MAKING OF KOREAN SOCIETY

Title
Title

Kim Sŭng-ok’s Literary Response to Pak Chŏng-hŭi’s Re-Making of Korean Society

Author
Author

Steven Capener

Volume

Vol. 21 No. 1

Pages

pp. 309~331 (all 23 pages) 

Publication Date

2018.06.15

Keyword

conservatize, re-Confucianize, military style mobilization, societal super-ego, id, mass identity, resistance

Abstract

Kim Sŭng-ok’s early literature has been extensively talked about in regard to a number of themes including as a critique of western capitalism. However, there has been almost no analysis of how some of his early fiction can be read as a response to Pak Chŏng-hŭi’s attempt to create a modern Korean mass identity through conservatizing and re-Confucianizing the nation by means of a powerful military-style mobilization project. After positing the existence of something called “a world of one’s own” in a story titled “Saengmyŏng yŏnsŭp” (Practice for life, 1962) and incorporating a clearly Freudian super-ego vs. Id clash into the plot, Kim Sŭng-ok writes two more stories that can be read as having strong elements of resistance to Pak Chŏng-hŭi’s totalizing project: “Yŏksa” (Strongman, 1963) and “Mujin kihaeng” (Record of a journey to Mujin, 1964). In these stories, his protagonists make efforts to resist the totalizing, subsuming effects of the homogenization and mobilization that appear in the texts and that can be traced to such efforts by the Pak regime. This article will analyze these stories for their attempts to resist the domination of a societal super-ego represented by Pak Chŏng-hŭi’s patriarchal persona and mass mobilization efforts using state power. A psycho-analytic approach will be used to show how Kim attempted to create an individuated ego that could withstand (or escape) the tyranny of this societal super-ego.

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475 [Vol. 22 No. 1] EDITOR'S NOTE ACTA KOREANA 2019.06.15 211
474 [Vol. 22 No. 1] THE RETURN OF THE REAL IN SOUTH KOREAN FICTION CHRISTOPHER P. HANSCOM 2019.06.15 260
473 [Vol. 22 No. 1] POST-PASTORAL PERSPECTIVES OF KOREAN ENVIRONMENT IN CONTEMPORARY ART AND LITERATURE KIMBERLY CHUNG 2019.06.15 197
472 [Vol. 22 No. 1] ASPIRATIONS FOR THE PURE LAND EMBODIED IN A MODERN KOREAN TEMPLE, ANYANG’AM LEE SEUNGHYE 2019.06.15 217
471 [Vol. 22 No. 1] A NEW WAY OF SEEING: COMMERCIAL PAINTINGS AND PRINTS FROM CHINA AND EUROPEAN PAINTING TECHNIQUES IN LATE CHOSŎN COURT PAINTING SEO YOONJUNG 2019.06.15 209
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468 [Vol. 22 No. 1] TRANSLATION: WHERE EXACTLY TRANSLATED BY BONNIE TILLAND 2019.06.15 199
467 [Vol. 22 No. 1] TRANSLATION: BOILED CAT TRANSLATED BY DANIEL JACINTO 2019.06.15 232
466 [Vol. 22 No. 1] TRANSLATION: THE JOURNAL OF CHANG INMYŎNG TRANSLATED BY BRUCE AND JU-CHAN FULTON 2019.06.15 177
465 [Vol. 22 No. 1] BOOK REVIEWS: FROM DOMESTIC WOMEN TO SENSITIVE YOUNG MEN: TRANSLATING THE INDIVIDUAL IN EARLY COLONIAL KOREA LEE JI-EUN 2019.06.15 193
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