[Vol. 21 No. 1] KIM SŬNG-OK’S LITERARY RESPONSE TO PAK CHŎNG-HŬI’S RE-MAKING OF KOREAN SOCIETY

Title
Title

Kim Sŭng-ok’s Literary Response to Pak Chŏng-hŭi’s Re-Making of Korean Society

Author
Author

Steven Capener

Volume

Vol. 21 No. 1

Pages

pp. 309~331 (all 23 pages) 

Publication Date

2018.06.15

Keyword

conservatize, re-Confucianize, military style mobilization, societal super-ego, id, mass identity, resistance

Abstract

Kim Sŭng-ok’s early literature has been extensively talked about in regard to a number of themes including as a critique of western capitalism. However, there has been almost no analysis of how some of his early fiction can be read as a response to Pak Chŏng-hŭi’s attempt to create a modern Korean mass identity through conservatizing and re-Confucianizing the nation by means of a powerful military-style mobilization project. After positing the existence of something called “a world of one’s own” in a story titled “Saengmyŏng yŏnsŭp” (Practice for life, 1962) and incorporating a clearly Freudian super-ego vs. Id clash into the plot, Kim Sŭng-ok writes two more stories that can be read as having strong elements of resistance to Pak Chŏng-hŭi’s totalizing project: “Yŏksa” (Strongman, 1963) and “Mujin kihaeng” (Record of a journey to Mujin, 1964). In these stories, his protagonists make efforts to resist the totalizing, subsuming effects of the homogenization and mobilization that appear in the texts and that can be traced to such efforts by the Pak regime. This article will analyze these stories for their attempts to resist the domination of a societal super-ego represented by Pak Chŏng-hŭi’s patriarchal persona and mass mobilization efforts using state power. A psycho-analytic approach will be used to show how Kim attempted to create an individuated ego that could withstand (or escape) the tyranny of this societal super-ego.

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462 [Vol. 21 No. 2] TABLE OF CONTENTS ACTA KOREANA 2018.12.15 1201
461 [Vol. 21 No. 2] EDITOR'S NOTE ACTA KOREANA 2018.12.15 847
460 [Vol. 21 No. 2] GUEST EDITOR’S NOTE: THE INSIDERS AND OUTSIDERS OF KOREAN CULTURE OLGA FEDORENKO 2018.12.15 968
459 [Vol. 21 No. 2] WORSHIPING THE GODDESSES OF P’ALBONG MOUNTAIN: REGIONAL VARIATION, AUTHENTICITY, AND TRADITION CLARK W. SORENSEN 2018.12.15 827
458 [Vol. 21 No. 2] AT THE GATES OF BABEL: THE GLOBALIZATION OF KOREAN LITERATURE AS WORLD LITERATURE JENNY WANG MEDINA 2018.12.15 855
457 [Vol. 21 No. 2] EVERYWHERE AND NOWHERE: AN ETHNOMUSICOLOGIST LIVING AND WORKING IN KOREA HILARY VANESSA FINCHUM-SUNG 2018.12.15 816
456 [Vol. 21 No. 2] NO FRAME TO FIT IT ALL: AN AUTOETHNOGRAPHY ON TEACHING UNDERGRADUATE KOREAN STUDIES, ON AND OFF THE PENINSULA CEDARBOUGH T. SAEJI 2018.12.15 832
455 [Vol. 21 No. 2] TREE MOTIFS IN SEVENTH-CENTURY SILLA STELES KIM SUNKYUNG 2018.12.15 821
454 [Vol. 21 No. 2] BETWEEN MORALITY AND CRIME: FILIAL DAUGHTERS AND VENGEFUL VIOLENCE IN EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY KOREA KIM JUNGWON 2018.12.15 905
453 [Vol. 21 No.2] NEW TRENDS IN COMMENTARY ON THE CONFUCIAN CLASSICS: CHARACTERISTICS, DIFFERENCES, AND SIGNIFICANCE OF RHETORICALLY ORIENTED EXEGESES OF THE MENGZI YOU MINJUNG 2018.12.15 864
452 [Vol. 21 No.2] RESEMBLING THE OPPONENT: NATIONALIST AND COLONIALIST HISTORIOGRAPHIES IN MODERN KOREA SHIN SEUNGYOP 2018.12.15 803
451 [Vol. 21 No. 2] THE GENEALOGY OF KOREAN MODERNISM IN POETRY: FOCUS ON TRANSLATIONS OF W. B. YEATS KIM HANSUNG AND CHOI JUNGA 2018.12.15 812
450 [Vol. 21 No. 2] TRANSLATION: YU SORANG CHŎN TRANSLATED BY CHO SOOKJA 2018.12.15 790
449 [Vol. 21 No. 2] TRANSLATION: SELECTED POEMS BY YI TAL TRANSLATED BY CHRISTINA HAN AND WING S. CHU 2018.12.15 789
448 [Vol. 21 No. 2] BOOK REVIEWS: THE FORESIGHT OF DARK KNOWING: CHŎNG KAM NOK AND INSURRECTIONARY PROGNOSTICATION IN PRE-MODERN KOREA BY JOHN JORGENSEN DON BAKER 2018.12.15 769
447 [Vol. 21 No. 2] BOOK REVIEWS: ELUSIVE BELONGING: MARRIAGE IMMIGRATIONS AND "MULTICULTURLISM" IN RURAL SOUTH KOREA BY MINJUNG KIM TOBIAS HÜBINETTE 2018.12.15 804