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Acta Koreana is published semi-annually on June 15 and December 15 by Academia Koreana, Keimyung University.
 
 
Title ONE FROM THE EAST, ONE FROM THE WEST: THE UNEASY ENCOUNTERS BETWEEN HONG TAE-YONG AND AUGUSTIN HALLERSTEIN IN MID-EIGHTEENTH CENTURY BEIJING
 
Author
KIM MINHO
Volume Vol. 20 No. 2
Pages pp. 501~528 (all 28 pages)
Publication Date December, 2017
Keyword Hong Tae-yong, Hallerstein (Liu Songling), Yŏnhaengnok, Tamhŏn yŏngi, Ŭlbyŏng yŏnhaengnok
Abstract There were encounters between Chosŏn scholar Hong Tae-yong (1731–1783) and Jesuit missionary Ferdinand Augustin von Hallerstein (1703–1774), whose Chinese name was Liu Songling at the South Church (Nantang ) in Beijing on the 9th day of the 1st month of 1766. Hong Tae-yong, who wanted to learn advanced Western technology, met Hallerstein personally three times and asked him about various aspects of astronomy, Western technology, musical instruments, and Catholicism. He recorded these encounters in classical Chinese in one of the chapters of Tamhŏn yŏngi (Hong Tae-yongs record of an embassy to Beijing), entitled Yu Po mundap (Questions and answers with Hallerstein and Gogeisl). He also recorded these encounters in vernacular Korean in his Ŭlbyŏng yŏnhaengnok ܰ (Record of an embassy to Beijing in 1765–1766). This study discusses how Hallersteins and Gogeisls names came to be recorded on the two red papers used to accept Hongs request for the visit, and further analyzes the historical context related to the red papers. This study also introduces Hallersteins letter concerning Chosŏn and attempts to evaluate the encounter between Hong Tae-yong and Hallerstein. Ultimately, in explaining how the background and surroundings of that time made it difficult for their relationship to develop in a constructive way, this study tries to shed light on one case of important interactions between Chosŏn and the West.
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